FBI ASSESSMENT OF THE ACTIVE SHOOTERS
■ All but 2 incidents involved a single shooter.
■ In at least 9 incidents, the shooter first shot and killed a family member(s) in a
residence before moving to a more public location to continue shooting.
■ In at least 6 incidents, the shooters were female.
■ In 64 incidents (40.0%), the shooters committed suicide; 54 shooters did so at the
scene of the crime.
■ At least 5 shooters from 4 incidents remain at large.
In the FBI study, they identified 160 active shooter incidents, noting they occurred in
small and large towns, in urban and rural areas, and in 40 of 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Though incidents occurred primarily in commerce and
educational environments (70.0%), they also occurred on city streets, on military and
other government properties, and in private residences, health care facilities, and
houses of worship. The shooters victimized young and old, male and female, family
members, and people of all races, cultures, and religions.
According to a recent survey, the average response time for a high-priority 911 call is:
Atlanta, Ga 11 minutes and 12 sec
El Paso, Texas 11 minutes and 11 sec
Denver, Colorado 11 minutes flat
Tucson, Arizona 10 minutes and 11 sec
North Fort Worth, Texas 10 minutes and 11 sec
Kansas City, Mo. less than 10 minutes
Oklahoma City, Ok less than 10 minutes
Nashville-Davidson County, Tn below 9 minutes
Dallas, Texas 7 minutes 51 sec
Active shooter situations are unpredictable and evolve quickly. Because active
shooter situations are often over within 6 to 10 minutes, before law enforcement
arrives on the scene, individuals and companies must be prepared both mentally
and physically to deal with an active shooter situation until local law enforcement
arrives on the scene.
HOW CAN WE DEAL WITH THIS?
SITUATIONAL AWARENESS (Be Prepared)
Being prepared for the unexpected is absolutely essential to survival. Situation
awareness can mean the difference between a life and death situation. An assailant
will attack when it is to his best advantage with surprise on his side. You will
always be a least 2 steps behind your assailant.
- He has already planned who he is going to attack and is fully committed.
- He has visualized what to do.
- He is ready to act and you have not even thought about it.
When an attack occurs, range to your target will be from contact to 20 feet.
Situational awareness is simply knowing what’s going on around you. In reality, this
requires much practice and training your mind. This is taught to soldiers, security
personnel and law enforcement officers. It’s an important skill for you to learn as
well. In a dangerous situation, being aware of a threat even seconds before everyone
else can keep you and your loved ones safe. This is a skill that can and should be
developed for reasons outside of personal defense and safety. This is really just
another word for mindfulness, and you can develop your mind to be more cognizant
of what’s going on around you and more present in your daily activities. Knowing
this can help you make better decisions in all aspects of my life.
- Maintain a Situational Awareness of your surroundings (This is not operating
out of fear).
- Area/People/Time of Day
- Preparedness eliminates PANIC.
- Have plan wherever you are.
- Identify All Exits upon entering a building and maintain the "Two Exit" rule.
- Identify potential Hides or Safe locations.
- Do not position yourself to be in an enclosed space with nowhere to go.
- By proper training and developing an alert and suspicious mindset, you can
recognize and be prepared to deal with active shooters and emergencies.
With a Company, there are Ways to Prepare For and Potential Prevent an Active
Shooter Situation. Management must take an proactive role in the preparedness and
be decisive when the time comes.
- Predesignate at least two evacuation routes (Two Exit Rule) within your facility.
- Post evacuation routes in conspicuous locations throughout your facility.
- Train personnel on being able to identify the 7 indicators of a concealed
Gun/Weapon and being able to recognize the sound of gunfire.
1. The Security Check
2. Unnatural Gait
3. Jacket or Clothing Sag
4. Hunchback Stride
5. Bulges or Outline of a Weapon
6. Visible Weapon
- Predesignate potential hides and lock down locations for your personnel.
- Train personnel on potential items within the workplace that could be used as
weapons of self defense.
- Develop a Active Shooter packet that you can make available to local law
enforcement and first responders (Blueprints, Evacuation Routes, Key personnel
list, Keys, Power shutoff locations and etc.)
- Encourage law enforcement, emergency responders, SWAT/Rapid Response
teams, K-9 teams and/or bomb squads to train for an active shooter scenario
at your location.
- Foster a respectful workplace
- Be aware of indications of workplace violence and take remedial actions
- Identify and select 2-5 personnel (organization dependent) that are state
licensed concealed carry/LTC personnel within you organization to carry a
concealed handgun in your facility. These personnel must have some active
shooter training before doing so.
- Consider conducting active shooter scenarios/drills after hours or during a
working lunch within you facility with your concealed carry personnel. This is
tactics that deal with how to engage an active shooter within a populated and
If or When an Active Shooter incident occurs then you personnel need to do the
- Determine that you and those with you ARE NOT going to become VICTIMS
- Minimize your signature to the shooter (Do Not Give Him Something to shot at!)
- DO NOT Become Paralyzed by Fear
- MAKE your body MOVE… and Assist others…..
- Move to a safe location
- Lockdown your location with a locking system and/or establish a barricade (Chairs,
desk, boxes and etc.) to prevent the active shooter from entering your location.
- When Safe, Call 911 and provide them the following information:
- Immediacy of threat (life threating, urgent, or unknown)
- Number of shooters
- Location of suspects
- Types of weapons (pistols, rifles, shotguns, automatics and etc.)
- Possible traps or explosives (location, size of devices or none)
- Need for Medical and condition of injured.
- Your Location
- Number of personnel in danger.
Determine that you are going to Fight to WIN….
- Determine that you WILL NOT BE A VICTIM.
- Check your surroundings for potential weapons in your defense.
- Potential objects for shields
- Sharp objects for piercing or stabbing.
- Long objects for piercing or stabbing.
- Objects that can be wielded.
LICENSE TO CARRY (LTC) Note: Engaging the shooter with Live Fire is always a LAST RESORT!!!!
•If that time comes, you must be mentally prepared to stand between the shooter
and his targets and ENGAGE HIM. (This is a deadly force situation so be prepared to
cause severe injury and possibly death to the shooter.)
•If you can accomplish this from a protected position, DO IT!)
•IDENTIFY YOUR TARGET AND AIM FOR CENTER OF MASS.
•At all times before engaging the shooter, it is crucial that you are aware of any third
person (innocent bystanders) near or around the shooter are not in the line of fire.
(Remember that you will be engaging the active shooter in a populated and confined
•SAFETY for innocent bystanders is a “FIRST PRIORITY”.
AFTER A SHOOTING ENDS…. BEFORE THE POLICE ARRIVE:
- If you have a gun, you must quickly put down your firearm and place your hands
behind your head with fingers laced. (DO NOT remain holding your weapon,
because you can be mistaken for the active shooter!!!!)
- ADVISE EVERYONE to stay on the ground until you are told to move by Law
Enforcement Personnel. (People have a built-in urge to run for safety)
- Resist Quick movement that create confusion and complicates the situation for
- If you are on the ground, when you do get up, AVOID:
- Sudden movements
- Panic actions
- Stand up Empty handed.
- Having any object in your hand that could be construed as a threat by SWAT!!!
The ability to be trained to respond can give you the edge you need, but this
requires good training, habits and muscle memory techniques that allows your
training to respond for you. Your shooting skills can be perfected.
Historically, the shooting distance in 95% of NYPD law enforcement cases from 1994
- 2000 was less than 15 feet.
Shooting Distance Were Involved Hit Ratio (Accuracy)
- Contact to 2 feet...... 69% 38%
- 3 feet to 7 feet ...... 19% 17%
- 8 feet to 15 feet ...... 6% 9%
- 16 feet to 25 feet .... 2% 8%
- 25+ feet ................... 1% 4%
- Unknown ................ 3% 2%
Protect Thyself Services (PTS)
Texas License to Carry Handgun /Basic Pistol / Personal Protection Instruction )
|EPH 6:13 WHEREFORE TAKE UP THE WHOLE ARMOR OF GOD, THAT YE MAY BE ABLE TO WITHSTAND IN THE EVIL DAY, AND, HAVING DONE ALL, TO STAND.
Protect Thyself Services have experienced and highly combat-honed
professionals that will provide on and off site training that will enable you to
plan for and if necessary engage an active shooter.
ON/OFF-SITE TRAINING Pricing based on the unique needs of the company.
Situational Awareness Training
- 7 Potential Indicators of Gun/Weapon
- Recognizing the sound of gunshots
- Common Signs of Emotional Upheaval
Personal Defense Techniques (Use of Stun Guns and Identification of Devices
for Defense and Barricades)
License to Carry Training
- Laws that Relate to Weapons and Use of Deadly Force
- Handgun Use And Safety
- Handgun Marksmanship
- Confined Space Engagement Techniques (Company Specific)
- Exam Review (Written and Shooting Proficiency)
Establishing Layers of Defense
Establishing Lockdown Policy Unique to the company
Recommended Delegation of Responsibility
Potential Deterrents before Shooter enters the company
Shooter enters the company
Hostages Situation (What to do until Law Enforcement arrives)
After the Situation Ends
Interact with Law Enforcement
|Website was designed by Protect Thyself Services.
A Proud Texas-Owned Company
Second Amendment Supporter
|In Remembrance of
"The American Sniper"
THE ACTIVE SHOOTER:
A suspect (male or female) who’s activity is immediately causing death and serious
bodily injury. The activity is not contained and there is immediate risk of death and
serious injury to potential victims. In most cases, active shooters use firearms and
there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims. Active shooter situations
are unpredictable and evolve quickly.
The first part of preparing for self defense against an active shooter is to realize that an
active shooting can occur anywhere. It can happen where you live or work in a rural
community or a big city. You cannot assume that it could not happen where you live. The
better prepared you are the better you chances are to survive such an attack.
The general characteristics of an active shooter are for example…
- 98% of the time the active shooter is alone.
- 96% of the time it is a male.
- The average incident lasts no more than 12 minutes.
- 40% of the time the shooter commits suicide during the incident.
What these statistics show is that the perpetrator will be a lone male who is very focused,
and the shooting occur abruptly and will last for several minutes. You need to determine
that you "Will Not Be A Victim" and be prepared to survive by yourself. This may include
attempting to stop the shooter yourself - before law enforcement can arrive.
Active Shooter Incidents in 2014-2015
40 incidents in 26 states: 20 incidents in 2014; 20 incidents in 2015.
231 casualties: 92 killed and 139 wounded (excluding the shooters).
4 law enforcement officers killed and 10 wounded in 6 incidents.
3 unarmed security guards wounded.
6 incidents ended when citizens acted to end the threat.
26 incidents ended with law enforcement at the scene.
14 incidents ended with an exchange of gunfire between the 16 shooters and law
12 killed by police, one off-duty.
3 committed suicide.
1 surrendered to law enforcement.
2 husband-and-wife teams.
16 shooters committed suicide.
14 shooters were killed by law enforcement.
12 shooters were apprehended.
Citizens’ Involvement in 2014-2015
In 6 incidents, citizens successfully acted to end the shootings.
In 2 separate incidents, a citizen with a valid firearms permit exchanged gunfire with the
shooter before the shooters were restrained and taken into custody by law enforcement.
In 2 incidents, citizens physically restrained the shooters until law enforcement arrived,
one with the aid of pepper spray.
In 2 incidents, students were confronted by teachers;
A 12-year-old middle school student placed his gun on the floor when ordered to do so.
A 15-year-old high school student committed suicide at the scene.
In another incident, a citizen with a valid firearms permit pursued shooters inside a store,
but was shot and killed before he fired his weapon.